JPAM UPDATE: News on Action Towards Joint Protected Area Management
NEWS FROM SPECIFIC PROTECTED AREAS
Tiger Crisis Cell team appraises Kaziranga and Manas
A four-person team from the Tiger Crisis Cell comprising of S. Deb
Roy, Valmik Thapar, Bittu
Sahgal and Dr. Ullas Karanth, visited Manas and Kaziranga Tiger
Reserves in April 1996 (Tiger
Link News June 1996). According to the team poaching and encroachment
are two of the major
problems in the area. In Manas, rhinos are reported to be nearly
extinct, swamp deer and hog deer
have decreased while elephant tuskers are being regularly shot. The
situation with the Forest
Department is also reported to be grim. Morale is extremely low among
staff and some Forest
Guards have not been paid wages for three months. Kaziranga Tiger
Reserve is especially
threatened by rampant use of pesticides, including DDT, by the
several tea estates in the
surrounding area. (See also NEWS FROM STATES).
Lions moving out of Gir National Park /Maldharis being evicted?
According to recent reports (Business Standard 28 May 1996) from
Gujarat, an unspecified
number of Asiatic lions have been sighted in the Kodnar and Girnar
forests of Junagadh district,
some 40-60 km away from Gir National Park. While the exact reasons
for this movement are not
immediately clear, Forest Department officials claim it could be due
to the rise in the number of
lions in Gir. A census conducted by the Forest Department in 1995
reported 304 lions in Gir.
However local conservationists are skeptical about the Department's
census technique and claim
there are probably no more than 200.
The reports also claimed that indiscriminate promotion of Gir as a
tourist destination has taken its
toll by way of unregulated numbers of visitors, vehicular pollution
and plastic waste. Other
pressures include public access roads, a railway line, and two temple
complexes that have become
major pilgrimage centers attracting over a lakh visitors every year.
Experts are also worried about the implications of the limited number
of lions in Gir, which may
lead to in-breeding and genetic complications in future. There is a
therefore a proposal to relocate
some lions from Gir to the Palpur Kuno Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh.
Meanwhile, Setu-Centre for Social Knowledge and Action, an Ahmedabad
based NGO, has
alleged that the Forest Department is forcibly relocating Maldharis
from Gir, as part of a Global
Environment Facility (GEF) funded eco-development project, even
though the project's own
documents clearly state that there is to be no involuntary
displacement'. This has also been
corroborated by newspaper reports on the issue (Times of India 28 May
1996). The allegation
is further supported by another NGO based in the Gir area, the
Saurashtra Paryavaran Sanrakshan
Samiti (SPSS). The Forest Department, however, claims that only three
Maldharis have been
served notices for carrying out illegal activities, at least one of
them for claiming occupancy rights
to Gir despite being from outside.
In March and April this year, demonstrations and fasts were held by a
group of Maldharis,
supported by SPSS, to protest against the action of the authorities.
A petition was also presented
to the Gujarat Chief Minister by SPSS.
Currently there are an estimated 7,000 Maldharis spread over 54
nesses (settlements) in the
roughly 1,400 sq km Gir National Park and Sanctuary. Between 1973 to
1983, 845 Maldhari
families were relocated from the protected area and given land for
agriculture in the surrounding
area. However, they have been unsuccessful in adopting farming as a
way of life. It is uncertain
whether the remaining Maldharis will be allowed to remain inside Gir.
In 1990 the Maldharis were
accorded Scheduled Tribe status by the government.
For further information on the recent events, pl. contact: Achyut
Yagnik, Setu-Centre for Social
Knowledge and Action, 1 Punyashlok, near Liberty bus-stop, University
Road, Ahmedabad 380
009. Ph: (0272) 656 0751. For the Forest Department's version, pl.
contact: Deputy Conservator
of Forests (Wildlife), Sasangir 363 125, District Junagadh, Gujarat.
Gujarat High Court order on Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary
On 23 April, 1996, the Gujarat High Court passed an interim order
staying the construction of a
jetty by the Sanghi Cements Co. at the site of the Narayan Sarovar
Sanctuary in Gujarat. The
order was passed on a petition filed by the World Wide Fund for
Nature, which has for the last
few years been trying to stop the state government from destroying
Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary, covering 766 sq.km., was declared in 1981, to
protect the unique desert and saline wetland ecosystem of western Kutch, and
its inhabitant wildlife like the Chinkara, Houbara bustard, and flamingos.
Unfortunately, the same state government which took this step has in the
1990s targeted the area for mining and industrial expansion. To facilitate
this, it went to the extent of denotifying a substantial portion of the
sanctuary, reducing the area to 444 sq.km. This was done especially to
accommodate the cement factory proposed by Sanghi Cements, and the related
mining. Unfortunately, this denotification could not be stopped by NGO
However, WWF-I has continued to keep its vigil in the area, and has
won a temporary battle by
getting an injunction against the construction of a jetty and related
works, which are needed for
the factory. This was based on its finding that these works were in
violation of the Coastal
Regulation Zone Notification of 1991.
Contact: Sanjay Upadhyaya, Centre for Environment Law, World Wide
Fund for Nature - India,
172 B Lodi Estate, New Delhi 110 003. Ph: (011) 469 3744/461 6532;
Fax: (011) 462 6837;
Efforts to protect Olive Ridley turtle nesting sites in Bhitarkanika
A string of islands in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of Orissa,
form a part of the 170 sq km
Bhitarkanika Sanctuary. The islands and a part of the coast are
reported to be favoured nesting
sites for the highly endangered Olive Ridley turtle. Recently, the
Defence Research and
Development Organisation (DRDO) acquired six major islands of a group
called Wheeler Islands
to build a missile testing range. According to Banka Behary Das of
Orissa Krushak Mahasangh,
a Bhubaneshwar based NGO, and experts like B.C. Choudhury of the
Wildlife Institute of India,
this range and its associated activities would pose a major threat to
the nesting turtles.
Information on the matter was sent, among others, to the Scientific
Adviser to the Defence
Minister, who suggested a meeting between NGO representatives and the
Director, DRDO, to try
and find ways out. Following some patient negotiations, the DRDO has
agreed to take the
following measures to protect the turtle and its nesting sites:
1. As far as possible, missile test firing will not be carried
out between November and April,
which is the peak turtle nesting period at Gahirmatha beach.
2. Lighting arrangements on Outer Wheeler Island during
construction, and thereafter, will
be suitably altered to prevent confusing turtle hatchlings, who
have been observed heading
away from the sea under the influence of lights.
3. The DRDO will request the Indian Coast Guard, and possibly
the Indian Navy, to assist
in patrolling and anti-poaching operations during the nesting
If successfully carried out, this appears to be a significant example
of what some simple
collaboration can achieve. But strict monitoring will obviously be
necessary in future.
Contact: Banka Behary Das, Orissa Krushak Mahasangh, Parivesh Bhavan,
14 Ashok Nagar,
Bhubaneshwar 751 009, Orissa. Ph.: (0647) 400 305; Fax: (0647) 404
222, 409 1125.
Teesta Hydro-electric Project threatens Khangchendzonga National Park
A public meeting was held at Magan Bazaar, on 20 August 1995, to
discuss the Sikkim
Government's proposal to implement Stage III of the Teesta
Hydro-electric Project, in the North
District of Sikkim. The Project site lies in the buffer zone of
Khangchendzonga National Park, an
area of considerable biodiversity value. A resolution passed at the
meeting made the following
1. The Government of Sikkim consider cancelling the Teesta
2. The memorandum submitted to the President of India on 21
October 1991 should be duly
considered by the Government.
3. The impact of the Project on the local Lepcha community,
and on the Khangchendzonga
National Park are likely to be severe enough to warrant
cancellation of the Project.
4. Small scale power project should be actively considered for
power generation and meeting
the power requirements of Sikkim.
The resolution, signed by local village leaders, Panchayat
representatives, current and former
MLAs, was submitted to the Union Minister of Environment and Forests
in November 1995.
Contact: Nandu Thapa, MP, Thapa House, Paljar, Stadium Road, Gangtok
737 101, Sikkim. Ph:
NGO initiates award for Forest Department staff in Corbett Tiger
The Corbett Foundation, an NGO working in and around Corbett Tiger
Reserve, has initiated an
annual award of Rs.10,000 to be given to a member of the Forest
Department staff for
contributing the most to tiger conservation'. The first award was
conferred to Shri Sati, Forest
Guard, Corbett Tiger Reserve, for anti-poaching operations.
Additional activities of the Foundation include: provision of
elementary health facilities in villages
around the Reserve; awareness generation about conservation and
environment including field
visits to the Reserve for interaction with Forest Department staff;
and advice to villagers on
receiving compensation for injury/death caused by wildlife.
Contact: Corbett Foundation, N-37 Ist Fl., Panchshila Park, Ne Delhi
110 017. Ph: (011) 644
4016;646 2011; Fax: (011) 644 7564.
State government takes steps towards forest and wildlife conservation
According to reports (The Pioneer 1 June 1996), the newly appointed
State Forest Minister for
Assam, Nagen Sharma, has proposed a series of bold measures to
conserve the state's forest
resources and wildlife. These include:
1. A total ban on tree felling in Reserved Forests in Assam
forthwith; requirements of existing
permit holders to be met from stocks in Forest Department (FD)
2. FD to provide a detailed report on causes of destruction of
forests in the state.
3. A vigilance cell headed by a Chief Conservator of Forests
established, to check illegal
activities in forest areas.
4. An enquiry into reinstatement by the previous government,
of suspended FD officers.
5. In Kaziranga National Park :
i. Income from tourism to be used for emergency work in
ii. Foreign tourists visiting the Park to be charged
entry fees in foreign
iii. A proposal to increase the area of Kaziranga NP
by 400 sq. km., in an
attempt to bring under the control of the Park
authorities, areas where poaching
is reported. Financial resources to facilitate the
expansion of area have already
been deposited with the Revenue department.
6. For Manas Tiger Reserve, a committee to recommend
improvements in management.
7. A Wildlife Trust established to help field staff posted in
remote parts of PAs and RFs. A
part of regular salaries will be donated at the following rates:
Minister of State - 1 months
salary; all Forest Department officers upto DFO - 7 days;
Rangers - 3 days; all other staff -
1 day. The Trust has set itself a target of raising Rs.10 lakhs
Unfortunately, though welcome in themselves, these measures once
again seem to miss out the
critical element of involving local communities in and around Assam's
Tribal organisations oppose M.P. Forestry Project
The World Bank aided Forestry Project in Madhya Pradesh, which has
related to protected areas, has come in for strong criticism from
several tribal organisations. At a
meeting on May 17-18, 1996, at Bhopal, the organisations pointed out
that the participatory nature
of the project was dubious, and that the project could end up further
curtailing the essential links
of the tribals with forests, including in and around protected areas.
The signatories to a statement
which resulted from the workshop include Ekta Parishad; Kisan Adivasi
Chhatisgarh Mukti Morcha; Adivasi Mukti Sangathan, Khandwa; Narmada
Bachao Andolan; and
Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Udyog Sangathan.
These organisations plan to produce a booklet on the Forestry
Project, covering various aspects.
They have requested help from environmentalists and scientists in
analysing the implications of the
Project, both for the campaign which is to be launched against it,
and for the booklet.
Contact: Gautam Bandyopadhyay / Devjit Nandi, Ekta Parishad, House
1192, Sector 1, Shanker
Nagar, Raipur 492 007. Ph: (0771) 423 775 (Raipur); (07721) 4498
For another critique of the M.P. Forestry Project, also contact:
Bittu Sahgal, Sanctuary Magazine,
602 Maker Chambers V, Nariman Point, Bombay 400 021. Ph: (022) 283
0061; Fax : (022) 287
4380; Email: email@example.com.
Workshop on Protected Areas of Uttar Pradesh
The Forest Department, Uttar Pradesh, held a 3-day workshop on
Biodiversity Conservation and
Planning for Protected Areas of UP, at Dehradun, on 27-29th May,
1996. The objectives included
the identification of biodiversity values for which protected areas
are to be managed, examination
of ways of integrating regional and ecodevelopment concerns into
management planning, and of
ways to include participation of stakeholders including local
communities. The discussions covered
the whole range of issues facing PAs, though unfortunately, the
linkages with the U.P. Forestry
Project, of which the workshop turned out to be a part, were not
clearly drawn out. Draft
recommendations include the creation of special area boards for each
PA and its surrounds, in
which various government agencies, local community representatives,
NGOs, and others can work
with the Forest Department in planning for conservation and people's
For further details, contact: Ashok Singh, Chief Conservator of
Forests (Wildlife), 17 Rana Pratap
Marg, Lucknow 226 001, Uttar Pradesh. Ph: (0522) 283 902; Fax: (0522)
Government agrees to no development' zones around protected areas
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has reportedly fully
endorsed the idea of a no
development' zone of 5 km. around all PA boundaries, one of the
recommendations of the Delhi
High Court Committee on Wildlife Conservation, Protection and Laws
(See JPAM Update 9).
However, the concept of no development', and how it is to be
enforced, remains to be clarified.
It is also unclear whether this will apply only to new proposals for
development, or extend to
existing industries and development projects around national parks
The MoEF has also not made any formal announcement yet, about the
recommendations of the
Committee (reported in JPAM Update 9).
Contact: M.F. Ahmed, Inspector-General of Forests, Ministry of
Environment and Forests,
Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO Complex, Lodi Estate, New Delhi 110 003. Ph:
(011) 436 1669.
Additional NGO inputs for amendments to Wild Life (Protection) Act,
More submissions for changes in the Wild Life (Protection) Act
(WLPA) have been made by
NGOs, to the Committee set up for the purpose at the Ministry of
Environment and Forests. So
far the following NGOs/institutions have responded :
1. National Committee for Protection of Common Land Resources,
Nadu (See JPAM Update 7).
2. VIKSAT, Ahmedabad, Gujarat (See JPAM Update 9).
3. Karnataka Rajya Moolnivasi Budakattu Janara Vedike and
Tribal Joint Action
Committee Karnataka (See JPAM Update 9).
4. Wildlife First!,
Bangalore, Karnataka (See JPAM Update 9).
5. Econet, Pune,
6. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi
JPAM Update 9).
7. Rhino Foundation, Guwahati, Assam.
8. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore, Karnataka.
9. Nature Lovers Movement, Thiruvamkulam, Kerala.
10. Ranthambhor Foundation, New Delhi.
Summaries of some of the latest submissions for changes in the WLPA :
R. Sukumar of the Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore, has
recommended that there should be specific legislation for acquisition
of land which could be
important corridors for wildlife movement. Regarding research in PAs,
there is need for
appropriate guidelines to clarify rights and obligations of
independent researchers, and a focus on
PA management oriented research.
Contact: R. Sukumar, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute
of Science, Bangalore 560
012, Karnataka. Ph: (080) 334 0985 or 334 4411 extn. 2506; Fax: (080)
Sethumadhavan of the Nature Lovers Movement, Kerala, has suggested
a. Time-bound implementation of the decisions taken by the Wildlife
Advisory Boards, and
requirement of prior approval from the Boards for non-forest use of
b. Take-over of the Collector's functions under the Act by the
c. Ban on not just hunting but also human interference for specified
periods, in Closed Areas;
d. Penalty for serious violations to be increased;
e. Courts to take cognizance of complaints made by any person who can
show evidence of
violation (eliminating need to give 60 days notice to government).
Contact: Sethumadhavan, Nature Lovers Movement, Thiruvamkulam 682
Anwaruddin Choudhury of the Rhino Foundation, Guwahati, has urged
that revenue earned
from wildlife tourism should be channelised back to the protected
areas, one-third to be used by
the area's management, one-third by village communities, and
one-third to be deposited with the
state government. A Committee under the CCF or state government
should manage this. Secondly,
a time limit of not more than two years should be imposed for the
settlement of rights. The
addition of several species found in north-east India, to the Act's
schedules, has also been
Contact: Anwaruddin Choudhury, Rhino Foundation, Guwahati (address
not available). Fax:
(0361) 550 902.
Valmik Thapar of the Ranthambhor Foundation has suggested the
a. To check misuse of the Act, a system of checks and balances should
be incorporated, with
decisions on habitat manipulation, water development, NTFP
collection, and other resource uses
being taken by a panel of experts rather than only the CWLW.
b. When a protected area is notified in the first instance, all rules
relating to protection should
immediately come into force.
c. No industrial/developmental activity should be allowed within 25
km. of a protected area, and
no private purchase/sale of land within a 5 km. radius.
d. No denotification should be allowed without reference to a body of
e. A new category of "national forest" should be started, with people
and forests co-existing.
f. Mini-cores or inviolate zones should be considered within PAs,
especially in the Himalayas.
Contact: Valmik Thapar, Ranthambhor Foundation, 19 Kautilya Marg,
Chanakyapuri, New Delhi
110 021. Ph: (011) 301 6261; Fax: (011) 391 6261; Email:
Chandrakant Wakankar of Econet has recommended that:
a. State wildlife advisory boards should include tribals/forest
dwellers, especially women.
b. The collector should make special provisions for illiterate people
to make their claims, and tribal
welfare officers or NGOs should be allowed to represent the interests
c. Instead of monetary compensation, alternatives should be provided
to activities which are
d. Roads going through protected areas should be off-limits to
private and public transport.
e. Grazing should be permitted in a controlled manner within
Contact: Chandrakant Wakankar, Econet, 5 Sanket, Vijayanagar Colony,
2123 Sadashiv Peth,
Pune 411 030. Fax: (0212) 331250.
Readers are urged to send in their recommendations, as soon as
possible to the Committee at the
address below. We would appreciate receiving a copy (at the address
at the end of the newsletter).
For submissions, and further details regarding the Committee's
progress, please contact: Kishore
Rao, Additional Director (WL), Ministry of Environment and Forests,
Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO
Complex, Lodi Estate, New Delhi 110 003. Ph: (011) 436 0957. Fax:
Report on Collaborative Management Workshop, Murree, Pakistan
A South Asia regional workshop on Collaborative Management (CM) for
Conservation was held
in Murree, Pakistan, on May 21-22, 1996. Sponsored by the Social
Policy Group of the World
Conservation Union (IUCN), and hosted by IUCN-Pakistan, the workshop
was attended by NGO
and government representatives from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri
Lanka, Nepal, and
Afghanistan, along with members of international agencies from
Thailand and Switzerland. Most
of the participants had first-hand experience of collaborative
management efforts, or related
The sessions were informal, oriented towards experience-sharing and
throwing up ideas on
possible joint programmes in the South Asia region. Experiences
recounted by participants
included CM in forest areas, wetlands, and protected areas. The
workshop ended in a decision to
form a network for CM in the South Asia region, with a possible nodal
agency in Nepal or Sri
Lanka (India and Pakistan were ruled out, due to the serious
difficulty in traveling/communicating
between the two; half the Indian invitees to the workshop did not
even get a visa, and the other two
got it only hours before their flights!). The network will facilitate
information and personnel
exchange, training, workshops on specific issues, and research on CM.
Funding possibilities for
the network are being looked into.
For further details, contact: Grazia Borrini-Feyerabend, Social
Policy Group, IUCN-The World
Conservation Union, 28 Rue Mauverney, CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland. Ph:
(41 22) 999 0001;
Fax: (41 22) 999 0025; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Proposed IUCN Resolution on Collaborative Management
The Social Policy Group of the World Conservation Union (IUCN)
proposes to sponsor a major
resolution on Collaborative Management for Conservation, at the
forthcoming World Conservation
Congress, to be held in conjunction with the IUCN General Assembly in
Montreal, Canada. The
related sessions will be held on October 17-20, 1996. The proposed
text of the resolution urges
all IUCN members, and other governments/agencies, to adapt CM
approaches, encouraging the
central role of local communities, in conservation programmes.
For details, pl. contact: Grazia Borrini-Feyerabend (address above).
WWF's proposed global tiger strategy urges people's involvement
A draft of a Global Tiger Strategy to be issued by the World Wide
Fund for Nature - International,
takes a welcome step towards recommending the central participation
of people in conservation
efforts (more than can be said about a parallel document put out by
the U.S.-based World
Conservation Society). The major focus in the strategy is on critical
tiger habitats. A total of 159
Tiger Conservation Units (TCUs) have been identified based on habitat
pressure, and tiger population status, and classified into those
which offer the greatest potential for
conservation, those with medium possibility, and those with low
Of the several interesting analytical points and recommendations
offered by the strategy, the
following is worth quoting in full: "Experience has shown that in the
face of growing
anthropogenic pressures on the remaining wildlife habitats including
protected areas...the most
successful conservation projects have been those that have been able
to empower local
communities for management of the natural resource base. The joint
forest management' model
and the growing model towards joint protected area management' is
the direction in which WWF
must develop its guiding philosophy for conservation. With the
planning and management of
landscape level tiger conservation units being recommended in this
strategy, people based
management approaches, with direct, tangible benefits flowing to
responsible communities, must
be promoted by WWF in place of the traditional reliance on
centralized control by multiple
The report was coordinated by Thomas Mathew, Director-East and South
Asia, WWF-US, who
can be contacted at: 1250, 24th St. NW, Washington, DC 20037-1175,
USA. Ph: (1-202) 293
4800; Fax: (1-202) 293 9211/9345; Email:
Workshop on Community-Based Protected Area Management
The proposed workshop (See JPAM Update 9) to be organised by the
Centre for Science and
Environment (CSE), New Delhi, scheduled for 22nd July, 1996 stands
For further details contact: Ravi Sharma, Centre for Science and
Environment, 41 Tughlakabad
Institutional Area, New Delhi - 110062. Ph: (011) 698 1110, 698
1124, 698 3394, 698 6399; Fax
: (011) 698 5879, Email: email@example.com.
Workshop on Dalma Sanctuary, Bihar
As part of its project on Participatory Management of Protected Areas
(pl. see write-ups in JPAM
Update 9), the Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA) is
planning to organise a workshop
on Dalma Sanctuary, Bihar. This sanctuary, an important habitat for
the elephant and a major
source of water for Jamshedpur town and surrounding villages, faces
several issues hampering its
adequate conservation and management: illegal timber and fuelwood
cutting (especially to meet
the demand of Jamshedpur), inadequate livelihood options for tribals
living in and around, crop
damage due to elephants, the tribal mass-hunt (sendra) once a year,
non-participatory management approach of the authorities, and so on.
Over the last couple of months, IIPA has been in touch with the whole
range of actors in and
around Dalma: Forest Department, NGOs, tribals, Tata agencies, and
others. Each of these has
welcomed the idea of a joint dialogue in which viewpoints and
information could be frankly
shared. IIPA therefore proposes to organise, in collaboration with
local organisations, a two or
three day workshop in the first week of August. This is aimed at
being the first of at least two, and
possibly more, such dialogues. It will therefore have the very
limited aim of sharing experiences
and viewpoints, and if possible, reaching a minimum common
understanding on how to proceed
towards conserving Dalma, meeting the livelihood and other
requirements of its human inhabitants,
and curbing undesirable commercial/industrial pressures.
The workshop will be held in Jamshedpur, on 12-13 August. For precise
venue, and other details,
pl. contact: K. Christopher, c/o Ashish Kothari (see address at end).
@@ Corbett. Project Tiger, Corbett.
A quarterly newsletter of Corbett Tiger Reserve, brought out by the
Reserve authorities as part of
its ecodevelopment awareness programme. Carries information on the
state of the Reserve, new
management initiatives, news from settlements in the adjacent area,
etc. For internal circulation
only. However, those interested may write to Rajeev Bhartari, Dy
Director, Corbett Tiger Reserve,
Ramnagar 244 715, District Nainital, Uttar Pradesh.
@@ Corbett Tiger Reserve : A Guide. Corbett Foundation. 1996.
A slim booklet with information on Corbett Tiger Reserve, Jim
Corbett, eco-tourism, activities of
the Corbett Foundation in villages of the surrounding area, and
useful checklists of flora and fauna
of the Reserve. Includes an approach map and an outline map of
Corbett Tiger Reserve.
Contact: Corbett Foundation, N-37 Ist Fl., Panchshila Park, Ne Delhi
110 017. Ph: (011) 644
4016;646 2011; Fax: (011) 644 7564.
@@ Tiger Link News
Tiger Link is a loose coalition of persons working on tiger
conservation and includes NGOs, Forest
Department officers, wildlife biologists, lawyers and other
interested individuals. Tiger Link News
is their newsletter, available only to Tiger Link participants, and
carries information from India and
abroad on tiger conservation and related issues.
Contact: Ranthambhor Foundation, 19 Kautilya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New
Delhi 110 021. Ph:
(011) 301 6261; Fax: (011) 301 9457.
@@ Mining : Threat to Ecological Balance in Jamva Ramgarh
Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan.
Amarjeet Kaur. 1996.
As reported in JPAM Update 9, illegal mining severely threatens the
Jamva Ramgarh Sanctuary
in Rajasthan. This unpublished report gives the precise extent of the
threat. The author is a
researcher of the School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru
University, New Delhi.
Contact: Rajendra Singh, Tarun Bharat Sangh, Bhikampura-Kishori, via
Thanagazi 301 022, Dist.
Alwar, Rajasthan. Ph: (014652) 4443.
@@ Protection of Nature Parks : Whose Business? Centre for
Science and Environment.
Proceedings of a debate held in Delhi on who should protect India's
national parks and sanctuaries:
the bureaucracy or the people? The debate included wildlife
scientists, activists, community
representatives, and researchers.
Contact: Centre for Science and Environment, 41 Tughlakabad
Institutional Area, New Delhi 110
062. Ph: (011) 698 1110; Fax: (011) 698 5879; Email:
@@ In Danger. Paola Manfredi (ed). Ranthambhor Foundation. In
The book discusses the relationship between people, endangered
habitats and wildlife. The book
forms part of an attempt by Ranthambhor Foundation to try and bridge
the widening gap between
nature, protected areas and people.
Contact: Ranthambhor Foundation, 19 Kautilya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New
Delhi 110 021. Ph:
(011) 301 6261; Fax: (011) 301 9457.
@@ Protected Areas, Forest Dwellers and Ecodevelopment. Dr.
Vikram Soni. Undated.
This paper looks at the ongoing World Bank-GEF ecodevelopment
initiatives in protected areas.
The author questions the viability of such an initiative and suggests
the need for a comprehensive
change in outlook towards conservation.
Contact: Dr. Vikram Soni, UGC Professor, Theory Group, National
Physical Laboratory, Dr.
K.S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012.
@@ Dossier on Coimbatore Zoological Park and Conservation
Centre. FIAN International.
A 24 page document highlighting issues surrounding the controversial
Coimbatore Zoological Park
and Conservation Centre. The Zoo is proposed to be located 30 km from
Coimbatore city, in the
Western Ghats close to the Tamil Nadu-Kerala border. Its aim is to
recreate a mosaic of
ecosystems with representative flora and fauna of the Western Ghats.
The document alleges
forcible eviction of tribals, illegal land acquisition and other
human rights violations by the
Coimbatore Zoological Society. Food First Information and Action
Network (FIAN), is an
international human rights organisation, founded in 1986 to promote
the right to food.
Contact: FIAN International Secretariat, PO Box 102243, D-69012
JPAM Update is produced every two months as a follow up to the
workshop on Exploring the
Possibilities of Joint Protected Area Management (JPAM), organised at
IIPA, New Delhi, in
JPAM Update 10was prepared by Suniti K. Jha, Ashish Kothari and
Farhad Vania. Ideas,
comments, news and information may please be sent to Ashish Kothari,
Indian Institute of
Public Administration, Indraprastha Estate, New Delhi 110 002. Ph:
(011) 331 7309; Fax:
(011) 331 9954; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.