Subject:  U.S. Senate declares Kyoto Treaty "Dead."



Some Democrats Suggest Clinton Delay Submission to Ratification

By Helen Dewar and Kevin Sullivan
Washington Post Staff Writers
Thursday, December 11, 1997; Page A37


The difficulty delegates to the global warming conference in Kyoto
encountered in reaching agreement on reducing greenhouse gases is
likely to pale beside the trouble Republicans have promised the
Clinton administration when it seeks ratification of the newly
negotiated international treaty.

As finalized early this morning, Japanese time, the Kyoto accord
calls for industrialized nations to cut their greenhouse emissions
by 6 percent to 8 percent below 1990 levels by 2012. It left aside
until at least next year the contentious issue of how much
developing countries would be required to cut their own emissions.

Hours before the final agreement was reached, however, key Senate
Republicans declared the accord "dead on arrival," . . .

Sen. Larry E. Craig (R-Idaho), head of the Republican Policy
Committee, told reporters here that the treaty is "designed to give
some nations a free ride, it is designed to raise energy prices in
the United States and it is designed to perpetuate a new U.N.
bureaucracy to manage global resource allocation."  Craig said he
expects the Senate will act on its own to declare its opposition
to the pact, serving notice in advance that the United States will
not ratify it. Ratification requires a two-thirds vote in the

  Sen. Larry E. Craig     Fax: 1-202-228-1067
  313 HSOB                email:
  U.S. Senate
  Washington, DC  20510

Senator Pat Roberts (R-Kan) said:  It would also undermine the
recent reform of farm programs and threaten U.S. agricultural

Sen. Pat Roberts                           Ph:  1-202-224-4774
303 HSOB                                Fax: 1-202-224-3514
U.S. Senate           email:
Washington, DC  20510

Judging from what they had learned from congressional observers in
Kyoto, Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Chairman Frank
H. Murkowski (R-Alaska) said, "it's dead on arrival."

Sen. Frank H. Murkowski                 Ph:  1-202-224-6665
322 HSOB                                Fax: 1-202-224-5301
U.S. Senate               email:
Washington, DC  20510

U.S. opponents of a global warming pact, including the Republicans
and major American industries, especially coal, oil, steel and
electric power producers, have argued that a deal that requires
industry in this country to go through the expensive process of
significantly cutting emissions of greenhouse gases was unfair
unless the same requirements applied to all nations.

The treaty approved by consensus in Kyoto will be available for
signature at United Nations headquarters in New York beginning
March 15. Once a country signs, it has a year to ratify the pact.
Technically, the administration could wait years before acting on
the pact. Countries that do not sign during the allotted period may
still become parties to the treaty at any point in the future.

Senator John Kerry suggested delaying submission of the treaty to
the Senate.  He said a delay in formal approval of the treaty need
not impede compliance with its goals, noting that the United States
often has gone along with treaties before they were ratified.

Kalee Kreider, director of Greenpeace's U.S. climate change
campaign, said  "we haven't done as much public education as we
should have."

Kreider said U.S. opponents of the treaty have greatly overstated
its economic effect and insisted that a multimillion-dollar
advertising campaign mounted this fall by industries opposed to
emissions cuts failed to weaken public support for fighting global

Senator Larry Craig said yesterday that Republicans were adamantly
opposed to any delay in submitting the treaty for ratification,
warning they would object to any steps to implement the treaty
"piecemeal," without Senate approval.

During the summer, the Senate voted 95 to 0 to assert its
opposition to any treaty that endangers the U.S. economy and spares
developing countries from constraints imposed on developed nations.

On Tuesday, Majority Leader Trent Lott (R-Miss.) wrote a letter to
Sen. Chuck Hagel (R-Neb.), head of the Senate observer group in
Kyoto.  He said the treaty was falling short of these conditions
and declared the Senate "will not ratify a flawed climate change
Senator Chuck Hagel                                   Ph: 1-202-224-4224
346 RSOB                                Fax: 1-202-224-5213
U.S. Senate             email:
Washington, DC 20510

Trent Lott criticized Vice President Gore, who in a Kyoto speech
on Monday promised increased flexibility on the part of U.S.
negotiators.  Lott said:  Gore's intervention "further clouded an
already murky situation" and "added to the bleak prospects for
Senate ratification."

Senator Trent Lott                          Ph: 1-202-224-6253
487 RSOB                                Fax: 1-202-224-2262
U.S. Senate             email:
Washington, DC  20510

"If they [the Clinton administration] won't take our advice, we
won't give our consent," said Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.).

Senator Jon Kyl                             Ph: 1-202-224-4521
724 HSOB                                Fax: 1-202-228-1239
U.S. Senate                      email:
Washington, DC  20510

Few on either side of the already rancorous debate over the pact
could remember many major treaties -- even going back to bitter
Cold War-era arguments over arms control -- that headed toward the
Senate in such tattered shape.

It seems that Clinton and Gore are "rushing to reach a deal at any
cost," Craig asserted. In a preview of political debates to come,
Craig said that if the treaty is signed on behalf of the United
States, "it will be the first time in history that an American
president has allowed foreign interests to control and limit the
growth of the U.S. economy."

U.S. Senate Leadership
Trent Lott, Majority Leader
487 RSOB
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Phone: 1-202-224-6253
Fax: 1-202-224-2262

Don Nickles, Assistant Majority Leader (Majority Whip)
133 HSOB
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Ph: 1-202-224-5754
Fax: 1-202-224-6008

Connie Mack, Chairman, Conference of the Majority
517 HSOB
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Phone: 1-202-224-5274
Fax: 1-202-224-8022

Thomas Daschle, Democratic Leader
509 HSOB
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Ph: 1-202-224-2321
Fax: 1-202-224-2047

Wendell Ford, Democratic Whip
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Ph: 1-202-224-4343
Fax: 1-202-224-0046

Larry Craig, Chairman, Republican Policy Committee
313 HSOB
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC  20510
Phone: 1-202-224-2752
Fax: 1-202-228-1067
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