Madhav Gadgil

Professor Professor

CENTRE FOR ECOLOGICAL SCIENCES EVOLUTIONARY AND ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY UNIT Indian Institute of Science Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Bangalore 560012, India. Jakkur, Bangalore 560064, India. Phone: (91-80) 3340985 Phone: (91-80) 8462750-57 Fax : (91-80) 3341683 Fax : (91-80) 8462766 Email: madhav@ces.iisc.ernet.in Email: madhav@jncasr.ac.in

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Publications

Scientific Papers

1.  Gadgil, M.  1967
    On some aspects of the biology of Coilia dussumieri (Cuv. and Val.)
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 63 : 55-69

2.  Gadgil, M. and Bossert, W.H.  1970
    Life historical consequences of natural selection
    The American Naturalist, 104 : 1-24

3.  Gadgil, M.  1971
    Dispersal : population consequences and evolution
    Ecology, 52 : 253-261

4.  Gadgil, M. and Solbrig, O.T.  1972
    The concept of r- and k- selection evidence from wild flowers
    and some theoretical considerations
    The American Naturalist, 106 : 14-31

5.  Gadgil, M.  1972
    The function of communal roosts : relevance of mixed roosts
    Ibis, 114 : 531-533

6.  Gadgil, M.  1972
    Male dimorphism as a consequence of sexual selection
    The American Naturalist, 106 : 574-580

7.  Abrahamson, W.G. and Gadgil, M.  1973
    Growth form and reproductive effort in goldenrods (Solidago, Compositae)
    The American Naturalist, 107 : 651-661

8.  Sarukhan, J. and Gadgil, M.  1974
    Studies on plant demography; Ranunculus repens L., R. bulbosus L. and
    R. acris L III. A mathematical model incorporating multiple modes of
    reproduction.
    Journal of Ecology, 62 : 921-936

9.  Arjunwakkar, A.V. and Gadgil, M.  1974
    Burrowing habits of the greatest bandicoot rat (Bandicota indica)
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 71 : 137-140

10. Gadgil, M. and Mahabal, A.S.  1974
    Caste differentiation in the paper wasp, Ropalidia marginata (Lep.)
    Current Science, 43 : 482

11. Gadgil, S. and Gadgil, M.  1975
    Can a single resource support many consumer species ?
    Journal of Genetics, 62 : 33-47

12. Schaffer, W.M. and Gadgil, M.  1975
    Selection of optimal life histories for plants
    In : M. Cody and J. Diamond ed.
    Ecology and Evolution of Communities, Harvard University Press,
    Cambridge, Mass. pp. 142- 157

13. Gadgil, M.  1975
    Evolution of social behaviour through interpopulation selection
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 73 : 1199-1201

14. Gadgil, M. and Vartak, V.D.  1975
    Sacred groves of India : A plea for continued conservation
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 72 : 314-320

15. Mukunda, N., Sharat Chandra, H., Sudarshan, E.C.G., and Gadgil, M. 1976
    On the dynamics of activation of mammalian X-chromosomes
    Genet. Res., 28 : 147-162

16. Sharat Chandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M.  1976
    A year of Bandipur
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 73 : 623-647

17. Gadgil, M. and Taylor, C.E.  1976
    Plausible models of sexual selection and polymorphism
    The American Naturalist, 109 : 470-472

18. Gadgil, M. and Ali, S.  1976
    Communal roosting habits of Indian birds
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 72 : 716-727

19. Gadgil, M. and Vartak, V.D.  1976
    Sacred groves of Western Ghats of India
    Economic Botany, 30 : 152-160.
    Also published in Ramachandra Guha (ed.) Social Ecology,
    Oxford in India Readings in Sociology and Social Anthropology,
    Oxford University Press, Delhi, pp. 82-89

20. Gadgil, M. and Vartak, V.D.  1977
    Growth of forest trees of Mahabaleshwar
    J. Univ. Poona Sci. Tech., 50 : 1-7

21. Gadgil, M. and Parthasarathy, M.A.  1977
    Trees of Bangalore
    Indian Farming, 26 : 64-68

22. Sathischandran Nair, S., Nair, P.V.K., Sharatchandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M.  1977
    An ecological reconnaissance of the proposed Jawahar National Park
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 74(3) : 401-435 

23. Prasad, S.N. and Gadgil, M. 1978
    Vanishing bamboo stocks
    Commerce, 1000-1004

24. Gadgil, M. and Gadgil, S.  1979
    Adaptive significance of the relation between root and shoot growth
    Journal of Indian Institute of Science, 61(C) : 25-40

25. Gadgil, M and Malhotra, K.C.  1979
    Role of deities in symbolizing conflicts of dispersing human groups
    Indian Anthropologist, 9 : 83-92

26. Prasad, S.N., Nair, P.V.K., Sharatchandra, H.C., Gadgil, M. 1979
    On factors governing the distribution of wild mammals in Karnataka
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 75(3) : 718-742

27. Gadgil, M.  1979
    Hills, dams and forests : some field observations from Karnataka
    Western Ghats
    Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, 2(3) : 291-303

28. Gadgil, S., Nanjundaiah, V. and Gadgil, M.  1980
    On the evolutionarily stable compositions of populations of
    interacting genotypes
    Journal of Theoretical Biology, 84 : 737-759

29. Nair, P.V.K. and Gadgil, M.  1980
    The status and distribution of elephant populations of Karnataka
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 75 (Suppl.) : 1000-1016

30. Sharatchandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M.  1980
    On the time budget of different life history stages of chital
    (Axis axis)
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 75 (Suppl.) : 940-960

31. Gadgil, M.  1980
    Wildlife resources as food
    Keynote address at Symposium on Wildlife Resources in Rural
    Development, Hyderabad, mimeo p.17

32. Gadgil, M.  1980
    Wildlife resources of India
    In : U.S. Srivastava ed. National Academy of Sciences Golden
    Jubilee Volume, Allahabad,      pp. 219-246

33. Gadgil, M. and Malhotra, K.C.  1980
    A people's view of ecodevelopment
    Environmental Services Group, WWF, India, pp.26.

34. Gadgil, M.  1980
    Salim Ali, Naturalist extraordinary : a historical perspective
    Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 75 (Suppl.), i-v 

35. Gadgil, M.  1981
    Introduction to the symposium on evolution of reproductive strategies
    In : G.G.E. Scudder and J.L. Reveal ed. Evolution Today
    Proceeddings of the II International Congress on Systematics and
    Evolutionary Biology, pp. 91-92

36. Mohnot, S.M., Gadgil, M. and Makwana, S.C.  1981
    On the dynamics of the Hanuman langur populations of Jodhpur
    (Rajasthan) India
    Primates, 22(2) : 182-191

37. Gadgil, M., Nair, P.V.K. and Sukumar, R.  1981
    The elephant in South India : a review.
    In : J.C. Daniel ed. The status of the Asian elephant in the Indian
    subcontinent , Asian      Elephant Group, SSC, IUCN, pp.9-20.

38. Gadgil, M. and Vartak, V.D.  1981
    Sacred groves of Maharashtra : an inventory
    In : S.K. Jain ed. Glimpses of Ethnobotany, Oxford University Press,
    Bombay, pp. 279-294

39. Vartak, V.D. and Gadgil, M.  1981
    Studies on sacred groves along the Western Ghats from Maharashtra and Goa : role of beliefs and     folklores
    In : S.K. Jain ed. Glimpses of Ethnobotany, Oxford University Press, Bombay, pp. 272-278.

40. Malhotra, K.C. and Gadgil, M.  1981
    The ecological basis of the geographical distribution of the Dhangars:
    a pastoral caste-clusters of Maharashtra
    South Asian Anthropologist, 2(2) : 49-59.

41. Gadagkar, R., Gadgil, M., Joshi, N.V., Mahabal, A.S.  1982
    Observations on the natural history and population ecology
    of social wasp, Ropalidia marginata(Lep.)
    Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences
    (Animal Sci.), 91 (6):539-552.

42. Gadgil, M. and Malhotra, K.C.  1982
    Ecology of a pastoral caste : Gavli Dhangars of peninsular India
    Human Ecology, 10 : 107-143.

43. Gadgil, M.  1982
    Changes with age in the strategy of social behaviour
    In : P.P.C. Bateson and P.H. Klopfer ed. Perspecties in Ethology,
    Vol. 5, Plenum Press, pp. 439-501.

44. Gadgil, M.  1982
    Society and environmental resources
    Society and Science, 5 : 1-6.

45. Gadgil, M.  1982
    Conservation of plant resources through biosphere reserves
    Current Science, 51 : 547-550.

46. Gadgil, M.  1982
    Wildlife 
    In : The state of India's environment :
    a citizen's report, Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi,
    pp. 164-173.

47. Gadgil, M., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, S.  1983
    On the moulding of population viscosity by natural selection
    Journal of Theoretical Biology, 104 : 21-42.

48. Gadgil, M. and Malhotra, K.C.  1983
    Adaptive significance of the Indian caste system : an ecological
    perspective
    Annals of Human Biology, 10 : 465-478
    Also published in Ramachandra Guha (ed.) Social Ecology,
    Oxford in India Readings in Sociology and Social Anthropology,
    Oxford University Press, Delhi, pp. 27-41.

49. Gadgil, M and Malhotra, K.C.  1983
    Questioning Bedthi hydel project : an experiment in people;s participation
    In : Kuldeep Mathur and Harsh Sethi ed. Action Research for Development, Indian Institute        of  Public Administration, New Delhi, pp. 25-30.

50. Malhotra, K.C., Khomne, S.B. and Gadgil, M.  1983
    Hunting strategies among three non-pastoral nomadic groups of
    Maharashtra
    Man in India, 63 : 21-39.

51. Gadgil, M., Prasad, S.N. and Rauf Ali  1983
    Forest management in India : a critical review
    Social Action, 33 : 127-155.

52. Gadgil, M. 1983
    Forestry with a social purpose
    In : W. Fernandes and S. Kulkarni Ed. People's rights and
    environmental needs
    Indian Social Institute, New Delhi.

53. Gadgil, M.  1983
    Conserving biological diversity : the Indian experience
    In : F.W.G. Baker and M.Hadley ed. Ecology in practice, Part I :
    Ecosystem Management, Tycooly International Publishing Limited,
    Dublin, pp. 485-491.

54. Gadgil, M. and Prasad, S.N.  1984
    Ecological determinants of life history evolution of two Indian
    bamboo species
    Biotropica, 16 : 161-171.

55. Gadgil, M. and Nair, P.V.K.  1984
    Observations on the social behaviour of free ranging groups of
    tame Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus Linn.)
    Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Animal Sci.), 93 :
    225-233.

56. Gadgil, M. 1984
    An approach to ecodevelopment of Western Ghats
    The Administrator, XXIX : 339-379.

57.  Gadgil, M. 1984
     Ecodevelopment of Western Ghats in Karnataka
     In : C.J. Saldanha ed. Karnataka State of the Environment Report
     1983-84, Centre for Taxonomic Studies, Bangalore, pp. 138-148.

58. Gadgil, M.  1985
    This week's citation classic
    Current Contents (Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences),
    16 : 18.

59. Gadgil, M. and Meher-Homji, V.M.  1985
    Land use and productive potential of Indian savannas
    In : J.C. Tothill and J.J. Mott (ed.) Ecology and Management of the World's
    Savannas. The Australian Academy of Sciences, Canberra, pp. 107-113.

60. Gadgil, M. and Sinha, M.  1985
    The biomass budget of Karnataka
    In : C.J. Saldanha ed. Karnataka State of the Environment Report -
    1984-85, Centre for Taxonomic Studies, Bangalore, pp. 19-30.

61. Gadgil, M.  1985
    The status of wild mammals in Karnataka
    In : C.J. Saldanha ed. Karnataka State of the Environment Report -
    1984-85, Centre for Taxonomic Studies, Bangalore, pp. 22-34.

62. Gadgil, M., Hegde, M., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, S.  1985
    On the communication of well being
    Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Animal Sci.), 94(6):
    575-586.

63. Gadgil, M.  1985
    Social restraints on resource utilization : the Indian experience
    In : J.A. McNeely and D. Pitt ed. Culture and Conservation : The
    Human Dimension in Environmental Planning, Croom Helm, pp. 135-154.

64. Gadgil, M. and Malhotra, K.C.  1985
    Ecology is for the people
    South Asian Anthropologist, 6(1) : 1-14.

65. Gadgil, M.  1985
    The Indian caste system as a historical adaptation : an ecological
    perspective
    New Quest, III : 279-283.

66. Gadgil, M.  1985
    Cultural evolution of ecological prudence
    Landscape Planning, 12 : 285-299.
 
67. Gadgil, M and Malhotra, K.C.  1985
    Pastoral caste ecology : case studies from Karnataka and
    Maharashtra uplands
    In : Tejvir Singh and Jagdish Kaur ed. Himalayas, Mountains and
    Man , Print House, Lucknow,  pp. 197-204.

68. Prasad, S.N. and Gadgil, M.  1985
    Bamboo in the rural life of hill tracts of the Western Ghats
    Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, B51 : 128-133.

69. Prasad, S.N., Hegde, M.S., Gadgil, M., Hegde, K.M.  1985
    An experiment in ecodevelopment in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka
    South Asian Anthropologist, 69(1) : 73-83.

70. Misra, B.K., Gadgil, M. and Hegde, K.M.  1985
    Bhairumbe - an experiment in ecodevelopment 
    In : C.J. Saldanha ed. Karnataka state of environment report-1985-86,
    Centre for Taxonomic Studies, Bangalore, pp. 155-172.

71. Gore, A.P., Paranjpe, S., Rajarshi, M.B. and Gadgil, M.  1986
    Some methods for summarizing survivorship data in non-standard
    situations
    Biometrical Journal, 28(5) : 577-586.

72. Gadgil, M.  1986
    On biomass budgets
    Journal of Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics, XXXVIII : 3,
    225-268.

73. Gadgil, M.  1986
    Towards an ecological history of India
    Economic and Political Weekly, XX (45, 46, 47), 1909-1918.

74. Gadgil, M. and  Meher-Homji, V.M.  1986
    Localities of great significance to conservation of India's
    biological diversity
    Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Animal /
    Plant Sciences Supplement, pp. 165-180

75. Gadgil, M. and Meher-Homji, V.M.  1986
    Role of protected areas in conservation
    In : V.L. Chopra and T.N. Khoshoo ed. Conservation of Productive
    Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
    pp. 143-159

76. Gadgil, M., Hegde, K.M. and Bhoja Shetty, K.A. 1986
    Uttara Kannada : a case study in hill area development
    In : C.J. Saldanha ed. Karnataka state of environment report -  1985-86, Centre for Taxonomic     Studies, Bangalore, pp. 155-170.

77. Gadgil, M. 1987
    Diversity : cultural and biological
    Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2 (12), 369-373

78. Gadgil, M. 1987
    Depleting renewable resources : a case study from Karnataka
    Western Ghats
    Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 42 (3) : 376-387.

79. Gadgil, M. 1987
    Culture, perception and attitudes to the environment
    In : P.Jacobs and D.A. Munro (eds.) Conservation with Equity : Strategies for Sustainable   Development
    International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources,
    Cambridge, U.K., pp. 85-94. (NA)

80. Sukumar, R. and Gadgil, M.  1988
    Male-female differences in foraging on crops by Asian elephants
    Animal behaviour, 36(4) : 1233-1235.

81. Malhotra, K.C. and Gadgil, M. 1988
    Coping with uncertainty in food supply : case studies among the
    pastoral and non-pastoral nomads of Western India
    In : I. deGarine and G.A. Harrison ed. Coping with uncertainty
    in food supply, Clarendon Press, Oxford pp. 379-404.

82. Gadgil, M.  1989
    Husbanding India's natural resources : the tradition and the  prospects
    In : Carla M. Borden ed. Contemporary Indian Tradition, Smithsonian
    Institute Press, Washington and London, pp. 323-332.

83. Gadgil, M. and Subhashchandran, M.D. 1989
    On the history of Uttara Kannada forests
    In : J. Dargavel, K. Dixon and N. Semple (eds.) Changing Tropical
    Forests, Australian NationalUniversity, Canberra, pp. 47-58.

84. Guha, R. and Gadgil, M. 1989
    State forestry and social conflict in British India : a study in
    the ecological bases of agrarian protest
    Past and Present, No. 123, 141-177.

85.  Guha, R., Prasad, S.N. and Gadgil, M. 1989
     Deforestation and degradation of natural plant resources in India
     Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society, 19(3).

86. Gadgil, M. 1989
    Population, Resources and Environment : the Indian Dilemma
    In : Population Issues, Applied Population Research Trust
    Bangalore, pp. 29-42.
   
87. Gadgil, M. 1989
    Deforestation : Problems and Prospects
    Wastelands News, Supplement to SPWD Newsletter, IV (4), May-July.    

87a.Gadgil, M. 1989
    Deforestation : Problems and Prospects
    Social Action, 39 (4), 357-383, 1989

87b.Gadgil, M. 1989
    Deforestation : Problems and Prospects
    Indian Journal of Public Administrator, XXXV (3), 752-
    801, July-Sept. 1989
   
87c.Gadgil, M. 1989
    Deforestation : Problems and Prospects
    Energy Environment Monitor, 5(2), 3-47, 1989
    
88. Gadgil, M. 1989
    Forest exploitation : patterns and processes
    Biovigyanam, 15(1), 1-2.

89. Gadgil, M. 1989
    The Indian heritage of a conservation ethic
    In : B. Allchin, E.R. Allchin and B.K. Thapar ed.
    Conservation of the Indian Heritage, Cosmo Publications, New Delhi,
    pp. 13-22.

90. Gadgil, M. and Guha, R. 1989
    Greening the Commons
    Mainstream, pp. 9,10,30. January.

91. Gadgil, M. and Iyer, P. 1989
    On the diversification of common property resource use by the
    Indian  society
    In : F. Berkes (ed.) Common Property Resources : Ecology and
    Community based Sustainable Development, pp. 240-255. Belhaven Press,
    London.    also translated into spanish :- 

    Gadgil M. y Iyer.P.
    La diversificacion en el uso de los recursos de propiedad comun en
    la sociedad de la India
    in : Cultura y Manejo sustentable de los recursos naturales Volumen
    segundo, pp.551-571. Enrique leff Julia carabias (coordinadores).

92. Gadgil, M. 1989
    Management of renewable resources : A S and T Programme
    Journal of Education and Social Change, II(4), 73-86.

92.01 Kumar, P., Pirta, R.S., Gadgil, M. 1989
    Population survey and conservation of macaques and langurs in
    Himachal Pradesh
    Proc. Nat.Symp.Anim.Behav, In B.H. Patel (ed.) The Behaviour, Sir
    P.P. Institute of Science, Bhavnagar, pp. 185-191.

93. Gadgil, M. and Thapar, R. 1990
    Human Ecology in India : Some historical perspectives
    Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 15(3), 209-223.
 
94. Gadgil, M. and Meher-Homji, V.M. 1990
    Ecological diversity
    In : J.C. Daniel and J.S Serrao ed. Conservation in Developing
    Countries : Problems and Prospects. Proceedings of the Centenary
    Seminar of the Bombay Natural History Society. pp.175-198.
    Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Bombay.

95. Daniels, R.J.R. Hegde, M. and Gadgil, M. 1990
    Birds of the man-made ecosystems : the plantations
    Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Anim. Sci.), 99 (1), 79-89.

96. Daniels, R.J.R., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M.  1990
    Changes in the bird fauna of Uttara Kannada, India, in
    relation to changes in landuse over the past century
    Biological Conservation, 52, 37-48.

97. Gadgil, M. 1990
    Population, resources and environment
    Seminar, 365, 52-56. January. 

97.01 Pirta, R.S., Kumar, P. and Gadgil, M. 1990
    Conservation and management of non-human primates in Western
    Himalayas
    Natcon Publication - 3, 89-102.

98.  Gadgil, M. 1991
     India's deforestation : Patterns and Processes
     Society and Natural Resources, 3(2), 131-143

99.  Gadgil, M. 1991
     Restoring India's forest cover : the human context
     Nature and Resources, 27(2), 12-20.

100. Gadgil, M. 1991
     Conserving India's biodiversity : the human context
     In : T.N. Khoshoo and M. Sharma (ed.) Sustainable Management of
     Natural Resources pp. 243-255.  Malhotra Publishing House,
     New Delhi.

101. Gadgil, M. 1991
     Conserving India's biodiversity : the societal context
     Evolutionary Trends in Plants, 5(1), 3-8.
	  
102. Daniels, R.J.R., Hegde, M., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M. 1991
     Assigning Conservation Value : A case study from India
     Conservation Biology, 5(4), 464-475

103. Gadgil, M. and Berkes, F.  1991
     Traditional Resource Management Systems
     Resource Management and Optimization, 18 (3-4), 127-141

104. Gadgil, M. 1991
     Ecological Organization of the Indian Society
     I.C.S.S.R. Newsletter, XXI (4), pp. 1-9. Jan.-Mar. 

105. Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M. 1991
     On the role of refugia in promoting prudent use of biological
     resources
     Theoretical Population Biology, 40 (2), 211-229.

106. Ravindranath, N.H., Shailaja, R. and Gadgil, M. 1991
     An approach to environment awareness and education programmes
     Productivity, 31(4), 557-561.

107. Gadgil, M. 1992
     Conserving biodiversity as if people matter : A case study from India
     Ambio, 21(3), 266-270.

108. Daniels, R.J.R., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M. 1992
     On the relationship between bird and woody plant species
     diversity in the Uttara Kannada district of south India.
     Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 89(12), 5311-5315.

109. Gadgil, M. and Subash Chandran, M.D. 1992
     Sacred Groves
     In:  G. Sen (ed.) Indigenous Vision. People of India. Attitudes to
     the Environment pp. 183-187. Sage Publications, New Delhi and
     India International Centre, New Delhi.

110. Gadgil, M. 1992
     Science and Natural Resource Management
     Seminar, Annual 389, India. pp. 81-84.

111. Gadgil, M. 1992
     Environmentalism at the cross-roads
     In : S.N. Chari and V. Vyasulu (ed.) Managing India's Planning.
     pp. 225-239. Printwell, Jaipur.

112. Gadgil, M. 1992
     Indian forestry - The socio-economic context.
     In : Status of Indian Forestry : Problems and Perspectives.
     Indian Society of Tree Scientists, Solan. (NA)

113. Bhat, P.R., Bhat, D.M., Ravindranath, N.H. and Gadgil, M. 1992
     Microlevel planning for sustainable development of two village
     ecosystems in Uttara Kannada district
     International Journal of Sustainable Development, 1(3), 69-78.

114. Gadgil, M. 1992
     Conserving India's biodiversity : The Societal Context.
     International Journal of Sustainable Development. Earth Summit
     Special. May.

115. Gadgil, M. 1992
     State susidies and forest use in a dual society.
     In : A.Agarwal  (ed.) The Price of Forests. Centre for Science
     and Environment. New Delhi pp. 132-137.

116. Gadgil, M. 1993
     Restoring the productivity of Indian savannas
     In : M. D. Young and O.T. Solbrig (ed.)The World's Savannas :
     Economic Driving Forces, Ecological Constraints to and Policy
     Options for Sustainable Savanna Landuse. pp.221-235.
     MAB Series Volume 12. Parthenon Publishing, London.

117. Joshi, N.V., Gadgil, M. and Patil, S. 1993
     Exploring cultural diversity of the people of India
     Current Science, 64(1), 10-17.

118. Gadgil, M. 1993
     "Forestry Principles" : What should the Indian reponse be?
     Wastelands News, VIII (2), 13-18, Nov.92-Jan.93.

119. Gadgil, M. 1993
     Biodiversity and India's degraded lands
     Ambio, XXII (2-3), 163-172.

120. Gadgil, M., Berkes, F. and Folke, C. 1993
     Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation     
     Ambio, XXII (2-3), 151-156.
     also published as Beijer reprint Series No. 15,
     Beijer International Institute of Ecological Economics, 1993.
     The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Box 50005, S-104 05 Stockholm,      Sweden.

121. Subash Chandran, M.D. and Gadgil, M. 1993
     State Forestry and the Decline in Food Resources in the
     Tropical Forests of Uttara Kannada, Southern India
     In : Tropical forests, people and food : Biocultural interactions
     and applications to  development - Vol. 15, in Man and the
     Biosphere series - Edited by : C.M. Hladik, A. Hladik,
     O.F. Linares, H. Pagezy, A. Semple and M. Hadley
     (Paris:  UNESCO/Parthenon Publishing Group, pp. 733-744.

122. Gadgil, M. 1993
     Why we must empower people to conserve biodiversity
     Environment Update, No. 1, 13-17.

123. Gadgil, M. 1993
     Of Life and Artifacts
     In S. Kellert and E.O. Wilson (ed.) The Biophilia Hypothesis
     pp. 365-377, Island Press, Washington D.C.

124. Daniels, R.J.R., Subash Chandran, M.D. and Gadgil, M. 1993
     A strategy for conserving the biodiversity of Uttara Kannada : A
     district in south India
     Environmental Conservation, 20(2), 131-138.

125. Gadgil, M. 1993 
     Tropical Forestry and Conservation of Biodiversity
     Norway /UNEP Experts Conference on Biodiveristy Trondheim,
     Norway, 24 May 1993.

 126.Gadgil, M. 1993 
     Significance of Biodiversity for ecosystems and human existence.
     Norway /UNEP Experts Conference on Biodiveristy Trondheim,
     Keynote Session 24 May 1993.

127. Gadgil, M. and Shambu Prasad, U.V. 1993 
     Peopling of India 
     Symposia Papers 6, Indian History Congress, 54th Session thematic
     symposium "Man and Environment in Indian History".

128.  Subash Chandran, M.D. and Gadgil, M. 1993
      Resource use systems and maintenance of biodiversity in pre-
      and post-colonial India
      Int. J. Sustainable Development, 1 (4), 41-50.

129.  Gadgil, M. and Guha, R. 1994
      Ecological Conflicts and the Environmental Movement in India.
      Development and Change Vol. 25 (1) pp. 101- 136.

130.  Gadgil, M. 1994
      Inventorying, monitoring and conserving India's biological
      diversity
      Current Science, 66(6), 401-406, 25 March.     

131  Bhat, D.M. and Gadgil, M. 1993
     "Soppina bettas" - Forests in support of Horticulture
     Proceedings at IUFRO Forest History Group meeting on Peasant
     Forestry, Freiburg, Germany. Nr. 40,  pp. 37 - 43.

132. Subash Chandran, M.D. and Gadgil, M. 1993
     Kans - safety forests of Uttara Kannada.
     Proceedings at IUFRO Forest History Group meeting on Peasant
     Forestry, Freiburg, Germany. Nr. 40,  pp. 49 -57.

133. Gadgil, M. 1993     
     "Folk traditions in the management of biological resources"
     Proceedings of the Congress on Traditional Sciences and Technologies
     of India, Institute of Technology, Bombay, 28 Nov -  3 Dec.
      
133(a)Bhattacharyya, S. and Gadgil, M. 1993
     The habitat diversity and patterns in the use of local natural
     resource bases by the rural populations of north-west Karnataka
     J.Indian Anthrop. Soc., 28, 189-212.

134. Gadgil, M. and Rao, P.R.S. 1994
     A system of positive incentives to conserve biodiversity
     Economic and Political Weekly, Aug. 6, pp. 2103-2107.     

135. Gadgil, M. 1994
     Western Ghats:managing the forest cover
     In Beyond Shifting Sands : The Environment in India and Pakistan,
     IUCN- The World Conservation Union, Pakistan. pp.23-29.

136. Gadgil, M. 1995
     Watching birds : A historical perspective
     In : Verghese, A., Sridhar, S. and Chakravarthy, A.K. (eds)
     Bird Diversity & Conservation.Thrusts for the Nineties and Beyond,
     pp. 10-18, Ornithological Society of India.

137. Mountain, J.L., Hebert, J.M., Bhattacharyya, S., Underhill, P.A.,
     Ottolenghi, C., Gadgil, M. and Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. 1995
     Demographic history of India and mtDNA-sequence diversity
     Am.J.Hum.Genet., 56, 979-992

138. Berkes, F., Folke,C., Gadgil,M. 1995.
     Traditional ecological knowledge, biodiversity, resilience and
     sustainability
     In C.A.Perrings, K.-G.Maler, C.Folke, C.S.Holling, and 
     B.-O.Jansson (eds.) Biodiversity Conservation : Problems and
     Policies, Kluwer Academic Publishers Group.

139. Gadgil, M. 1995
     Prudence and profligacy : A human ecological perspective
     In T.M. Swanson ed. The Economics and Ecology of Biodiversity
     Decline, pp. 99-110. Cambridge University Press.

140. Prabhakar, R. and Gadgil, M. 1994
     Maps as markers of ecological change. A case study of the Nilgiri
     hills of southern India. Chapter V. pp. 152-184.
     In David Arnold and Ramachandra Guha ed. Nature, Culture,
     Imperialism : Essays in the Environmental History of South India
     Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

141. Gadgil, M. 1995
     Role of tribal and rural families in conservation of PGR
     In M.S. Swaminathan (ed.) Farmers' Rights and Plant Genetic
     Resources. Recognition &  Reward: A Dialogue. pp.96-102. Macmillan
     India Limited, Madras.

142. Gadgil, M. 1995
     Traditional conservation practices
     In William A. Nierenberg (ed.)  Encyclopedia of Environmental
     Biology, Volume 3, pp.423-425, Academic Press.

143. Gadgil, M. 1995
     Reckoning with life
     The Administrator Special issue on economic reforms, Vol. XL (1),
     93-101, January-March.
 
144. Gadgil, M. and Devasia, P. 1995
     Intellectual property rights and biological resources :
     specifying geographical origins and prior knowledge of uses
     Current Science, 69(8)

145. Rao, P.R.S. and Gadgil, M. 1995
     People's bill on nature, health and education
     Economic and Political Weekly, pp. 2501-2512, October 7.
 
146. Gadgil, M. and Rao, P.R.S. 1995
     Designing incentives to conserve India's biodiversity
     In : Susan Hanna and Mohan Munasinghe (eds) Property Rights in a
     Social and Ecological Context. The Beijer International Institute
     of Ecological Economics and The World Bank, pp. 53-62. Washington
     D.C. 206 pp.

147. Daniels, R.J.R., Gadgil, M. and Joshi, N.V. 1995
     Impact of human extraction on tropical humid forests in the
     Western Ghats in Uttara Kannada, South India
     Journal of Applied Ecology, 32, 866-874.

148. Bhat, D.M., Ravindranath, N.H. and Gadgil, M. 1995
     Effect of lopping intensity in tree growth and stand productivity
     and stand productivity in tropical forests
     Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 8(1), 15-23.

149. McNeely, J.A., Gadgil, M., Leveque, C., Padoch, C., and Redford,
     K. 1995
     Human influences on biodiversity
     In : V.H. Heywood ed. Global Biodiversity Assessment,
     pp. 711-822, United Nations Environment Programme, Cambridge University
     Press, Cambridge. pp. 1140.
     
150. Barbier, E.B., Brown, G., Dalmazzone, S., Folke, C., Gadgil, M.,
     Hanley, N., Holling, C.S., Lesser, W.H., Maler, K-G, Masaon, P.,
     Panayotou, T., Perrings, C., Turner, R.K. and Wells, M. 1995
     The Economic Value of Biodiversity
     In : V.H. Heywood ed. Global Biodiversity Assessment,
     United Nations Environment Programme, Cambridge University
     Press, Cambridge. pp. 1140.

150 (a) Gadgil, M. 1995
     Patenting life
     Artha Vijnana, Journal of the Gokhale of Politics and Economics,
     XXXVII (4), 307-321.

151. Gadgil, M 1996
     Documenting diversity : An experiment
     Current Science, 70(1), 36-44, 10 January.

152. Gadgil, M. 1996
     Genes, Memes and Artefacts
     In : F. di Castri and T. Younes (eds.) Biodiversity, Science and
     Development. Towards a New Partnership, pp. 80-90.
     CAB International, UK and International Union of Biological
     Sciences, Paris. 646 pp.

153. Ravindranath, N.H., Gadgil, M. and Campbell, J. 1996
     Ecological stabilization and community needs : managing India's
     forest by objective
     In : M. Poffenberger and B. McGean (ed.) Village Voices, Forest
     Choices : Joint Forest Management in India, 287-323.
     Oxford University Press, Delhi.
 
154. Shri Niwas Singh and Gadgil, M. 1996
     Ecology of Amorphophallus species in Uttara Kannada district of
     the Karnataka State, India :Implications for conservation
     Aroideana, 18, 5-20

155. Gadgil, M. 1996
     Managing biodiversity
     In K.J. Gaston (ed.) Biodiversity : A Biology of Numbers and
     Difference, pp.345-365, Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford.

156. Negi, H.R. and Gadgil, M. 1996
     Genus level diversity in lichens of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve,
     India
     In : P.K. Jha, G.P.S. Ghimire, S.B. Karmacharya, S.R. Baral and
     P. Lacoul (eds.) Environment and Biodiversity : In the context of
     South Asia, pp. 192-202, Ecological Society, Kathmandu.

157. Gadgil, M. 1996
     Western Ghats : A Lifescape
     Journal of Indian Institute of Science, 76, 495-504

158. Boyce, M.S., Gadgil, M. and Nanjundiah, V. 1996. 
     Nonlinear forecasting of spatially structured populations
     In "Ecologists/Biologists as problem solvers"  - 1996 Annual
     combined meeting Program and Abstracts : Part 2 - Abstracts.
     Supplement to the Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 77
     (3), 48, July.

159. Joshi, N.V., Gadgil, M. and Patil, S. 1996
     Correlates of the desired family size among Indian communities
     Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA, 93, 6387-6392.

160. Gadgil, M. 1996
     Deploying student power to monitor India's lifescape
     Current Science, 71(9), 688-697, 10 November

160a. Gadgil, M. 1996
      Salim Ali (12 November 1896-20 June 1987)
      Current Science, 71(9), 685-686, 10 November

161. Negi, H.S. and Gadgil, M. 1996
     Patterns of distribution of macrolichens in Western parts of
     Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
     Current Science, 71(7), 568-575
     
162. Gadgil, M. 1996
     In the dominion of artefacts, Environment and Development
     Economics, 1(3), 356-359.

163. Bawa, K.S. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Ecosystem services in subsistence economies and conservation of
     biodiversity. In G.C. Daily(ed.)  Nature's Services. Societal
     dependence on natural ecosystems., pp. 295-310.

 164.Ravindranath, N.H., Somashekhar, B.S. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Carbon flow in Indian forests
     Climatic Change, 35, 297-320

165. Singh, S.N. and Gadgil, M. 1996
     Some suggestions for in situ conservation of wild rices
     International Rice Research Notes, 21(2-3), 6-7.

166. Nagendra, H. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Remote sensing as a tool for estimating biodiversity
     Journal of Spacecraft Technology, 7(2), 1-9.
     
167. Negi, H.R. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Conserving livestock genetic resources : A case study of
     Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh
     In : K.C. Mahanta (ed.) People of the Himalayas. Ecology,
     Culture, Development and Change, pp. 317-324. Kamla-Raj
     Enterprises, Delhi.

168. Pramod, P., Joshi, N.V., Utkarsh, G. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     On the hospitality of Western Ghats habitats for bird communities
     Current Science, 73(2), 122-127.

169. Pramod, P., Daniels, R.J.R., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Evaluating bird communities of Western Ghats to plan for a
     biodiversity friendly development
     Current Science, 73(2), 156-162.   

170. Gadgil, M. 1997
     A framework for managing India's biodiversity resources in the
     context of CBD and GATT
     RIS Biotechnology and Development Review, I(1), 1-14, October.

171. Gadgil, M., Hemam, N.S., and Reddy, B.M. 1997
     People, refugia and resilience, pp. 30-47
     In : C. Folke and F. Berkes (ed.) Linking Social and Ecological System,
     Cambridge University  Press, Cambridge.

172. Negi, H.S. and Gadgil, M. 1997
     Species diversity and community ecology of mosses: A case
     study rom Garhwal Himalaya
     International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences,
     23: 445-462.

173. Gadgil, M., Shambu Prasad, U.V., Manoharan, S, Patil, S. and
     Joshi, N.V. 1997
     Peopling of  India D. Balasubramanian and N. Appaji Rao (eds.)
     The Indian Human  Heritage, pp.100-129. Universities Press, Hyderabad.

174. Hegde, V., Chandran, M.D.S. and Gadgil, M. 1998.
     Variation in bark thickness in a tropical forest community of
     Western Ghats in India.
     Functional Ecology, 12, 313-318.

175. Nagendra, H. and Gadgil, M. 1998
     Linking regional and landscape scales for assessing biodiversity:
     A case study from Western  Ghats
     Current Science, 75 (3), 264-271

176. Chandran, M.D.S., Gadgil, M. and Hughes, J.D. 1998
     Sacred groves of the Western Ghats of India
     In : P.S. Ramakrishnan, K.G. Saxena and U.M. Chandrashekara
     (eds.) Conserving the Sacred For Biodiversity Management,
     pp. 211-231. Oxford and IBH  Publishing Co  Pvt. Ltd.,
     New Delhi, pp.480.

177. Gokhale, Y., Velankar, R., Chandran, M.D.S. and Gadgil, M. 1998
     Sacred woods, grasslands and watervodies as self-organized
     systems of conservation.
     In : P.S. Ramakrishnan, K.G. Saxena and U.M. Chandrashekara
     (eds.) Conserving the Sacred For Biodiversity Management,
     pp. 366-396. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co  Pvt. Ltd.,
     New  Delhi, pp.480.

178. Gadgil, M. 1998
     Grassroots conservation practices: revitalizing the traditions
     In A.Kothari, N. Pathak, R.V. Anuradha and B. Taneja (eds.)
     Communities and Conservation: Natural resource management in
     South and Central Asia, pp. 219-238, Sage Publications, New Delhi.

179. Utkarsh, G., Joshi, N.V. and Gadgil, M. 1998
     On the patterns of tree diversity in the Western Ghats
     of India
     Current Science, 75(6), 594-603

180. Berkes, F., Kislalioglu, M., Folke, C. and Gadgil, M. 1998
     Exploring the basic ecological unit: Ecosystem-like concepts
     in traditional societies
     Ecosystems, 1, 409-415.

181. Nagendra, H. and Gadgil, M. 1999
     Biodiversity assessment at multiple scales: Linking remotely
     sensed data with field information
     Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, USA, 96, 9154-9158.


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