BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEM
Plants of Western Ghats


Canarium strictum



Nomenclature Ecology Morphology Map Utility Conservation

NOMENCLATURE

Common Name -  BLACK DAMMER/ DHUP

Valid Name  -  Canarium strictum Roxb.

Synonyms    -  

Vernacular  -  Eng. - Black Dammer
               Kan. - Almatti Dhupa, Manda Dhupa
               Mal. - Katapu Kungalium, Kunthirikam
               Mar. - Dhup, Ral-dhup
               Tel. - Kan Kungilium, Karunga Kungilium

ECOLOGY

Habitat       -  Evergreen Forests

Distribution  -  Global - India
                 India - Western Ghats, Shevoroys (Endemic)
                 Western Ghats - All over hills, < 19*N, < 1200m 
                 Districts - Bombay (Mah.)  
                             Uttara Kannada, Chikmangalur,  Hassan, 
                             Coorg (Karn.)
                             Cannanore, Palakkad, Trivandrum (Kerala), 
                             Courtallum (Tamil Nadu), Goa
   
Abundance    -   Frequent

MORPHOLOGY

     Lofty,  evergreen, rufous trees. Leaflets 7, 8-16 x  4.5-7.5 
cm,  elliptic - oblong to lanceolate, crenate-serrate,  tomentose 
beneath, glabrous above. Flower white. Disc crenate, hairy. Fruit 
to 3.5x2 cm, drupaceous elliptic.

Herbarium: CJS 13799, 16579; HFP 1477

MAP



UTILITY

Uses - General - Yields Trade Resin - `Black Dammer'

CONSERVATION

Threat Status   -  Moderately threatened

Forces          -  People burn trees for obtaining large  amount                    
                   of resin in short time 

Areas           -  Silent Valley

Measures        -  Promoting long term interests over short term, 
                   so that people start putting fire to the tree.




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