BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEM
Plants of Western Ghats


Bambusa arundinaceae




Nomenclature Ecology Morphology Utility

NOMENCLATURE



Common Name -  BAMBOO (Thorny)

Valid Name  -  Bambusa arundinaceae Willd.

Synonyms    -  Bambusa bambos (Linn.) Voos.

Vernacular  -  Eng. - Thorny Bamboo
               Kan. - Biduru, Gatte
               Mal. - Mula, Mola
               Mar. - Kate Bamboo
               Tam. - Moongil, Mulla Veduru, Bong Veduru

ECOLOGY



Habitat       -  Moist Deciduous Forest, Woodlands, Brakes

Distribution  -  Global - India
                 India - Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats
                 Western  Ghats - All over foothills and  Western 
                 plains < 1000m
                 Districts - Nasik, Ratnagiri, Savanthwadi (Mah.); 
                             Uttarakannada, Hassan,  Chikmagalur, 
                             Coorg, Mysore (Karn.);
                             Cannanore, Palakkad, Trivandrum (Kerala); 
                             Courtallum (Tamil Nadu);
                             Goa
   
Abundance    -   Common

MORPHOLOGY


     
     Large,  woody,  thorny tree, 20 - 30 m.  Internodes  hollow. 
Culm  sheaths  broad, triangular; ligules white -  hairy.  Leaves 
linear - lanceolate, ciliate. Panicles compound. Spikelets 1 - to 
many flowered. Glumes ovate, mucronate. Lemma oblong,  mucronate. 
Bracts glume - like. Lodicules 3, membranous, ciliate. Stamens 6.     

Herbarium: CJS 10622, HFP 2582

UTILITY



Uses        -   General - Construction,  Furniture,  Artisians, 
                          Food
              Medicinal - Tonic and Afrodesia




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