BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEM
Plants of Western Ghats


Azadirachta indica



Nomenclature Ecology Morphology Utility

NOMENCLATURE


Common Name -  NEEM / MARGOSA

Valid Name  -  Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Synonyms    -  Melia azaderach L.

Vernacular  -  Eng. - Margosa, Neem
               Kan. - Bevu
               Mal. - Vepa, Nimban
               Mar. - Nimb
               Tam. - Vepa, Vembu

ECOLOGY


Habitat       -  Habitations

Distribution  -  Global - India, Burma, China
                 India - Throughour drier plains
                 Western  Ghats  -  Foothills  &  plains,  mostly 
                 eastern < 700m
                 Districts - Nasik, Ratnagiri, Savanthwadi (Mah.); 
                             Uttara Kannada, Hassan, Chikmagalur, 
                             Coorg, Mysore (Karn.);
                             Cannanore,   Palakkad,    Trivandrum 
                             (Kerala);
                             Courtallum (Tamil Nadu);
                             Goa
   
Abundance    -   Common

MORPHOLOGY



     Evergreen  trees  to  15m. Leaflets 4-6  x  1-1.5cm,  ovate-
lanceolate,  acuminate, cuneate and unilaterally resected on  one 
side,  cuneate-serrate. Flowers elongate. Sepals 5, free;  petals 
obovate,  white. Anthers slightly exserted. Ovary globose;  style 
elongate, cylindrical; stigma 3-lobed.

Herbarium: CJS 13924, 16619

UTILITY


Uses       -  General   - Timber, Insecticidal, Oil
              Medicinal - Anti skin disease, Dental Cure

Principles -  Azadirachtin

IPRs - Over 36 patents till 1995



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