The Earth Summit Watch was established in December 1991 to survey the intention of national leaders to attend UNCED and to encourage their participation. The organization conducted a follow-up survey of national efforts to implement the range of commitments made at Rio in order to try to hold governments accountable for the promises they made there. They sent a brief questionnaire to all country representatives at the UN in New York and published the results for the first meeting of the CSD.

The Green Alliance is currently working on the development of national sustainability strategies and plans. It has already completed one report, comparing the national strategies of Canada, France, the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom, studying aspects of their strategies for sustainable development, including the degree to which they consulted sectors outside government and the level of public participation.

The Asahi Glass Foundation in Japan is aiming to acknowledge steps that various countries have taken to address global environmental problems. As a follow-up to the survey it commissioned before the Earth Summit, Asahi is carrying out a new survey to determine the awareness of progress achieved on major environmental problems. Asahi intends to conduct this same survey in the years to come.

The first edition of the Directory of National Sustainable Development Institutions and Contacts was jointly compiled by the Earth Council, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the World Resources Institute (WRI) for the second session of the CSD in May 1994. The directory is intended to be a useful tool to get decision-makers acquainted with existing institutional arrangements aimed at sustainability.