Brazil

The Brazilian Forum of NGOs and Social Movements, which represents 1,200 local entities, asked that 13 April 1993 be a Day of International Protest about economic sanctions to force the Brazilian Congress to pass the Law of Industrial Propriety (PL 824/91) by the end of April. The Forum for the Freedom of the Use of Knowledge promoted public demonstrations in major Brazilian cities against those countries whose industries are demanding that Brazil pass a patent law on knowledge that is indigenous and millennial in nature. They held a demonstration and expressed their hope that others would do the same in front of Brazilian Embassies and Consulates all over the world.

The city of Rio de Janeiro has established a "World Environment Week" to be held each year in June to commemorate UNCED. In 1993 the First Conference on Cities for the 21st Century was the main event and was attended by mayors from most Latin American countries. It was preceded by a symposium that examined the achievements and concerns of the various municipalities with Agenda 21 and the Curitiba Commitment. A Latin American Declaration Rio '93 was prepared for the consideration of the mayors at the event. A parallel meeting was held in the headquarters of the National Bank for Economic and Social Development where different themes related to cities were discussed. Other activities also took place such as a fair of natural products and an exhibition of works of art made with recycled materials.

The Forum da Amaz“nia Oriental (FAOR) held a "Conference about Environment and Development of the Amazon: Combat the Hunger and the Misery" in Belem on June 4 to 6, 1993.

A seminar on "Implementation of the Rio Agreements: Agenda 21 Actions for Health, Sanitation, and Human Settlements" was held in S o Paulo, Brazil from 18-20 April 1994. Organized by Vitae Civilis, this seminar looked at the chapters of Agenda 21 which were examined by the CSD in May. The main goal was to consider the relevance and feasibility of the implementation of these chapters in the Brazilian context. Among the issues considered were the identification of the problems, the legal and institutional requirements of successful implementation, the sources and availability of aid, and the political, technical, and cultural restraints of implementation.