Desertification

An NGO meeting took place in Bamako, Mali, from 16-20 August 1993, organized by the Kenyan Energy and Environment Organization (KENGO) and the secretariat of INCD. An NGO statement which emanated from the meeting was presented at the formal negotiations in Geneva from 13-24 September 1993, stating that governments must enter into effective programs with NGOs in order to combat the effects of drought and desertification. The statement focused on six main issues: land tenure; education, awareness and information; empowerment of communities and NGOs; population; science and technology, and international relationships.

Brazil hosted two meetings on desertification in Fortaleza in early March 1994. The first meeting, the National Conference on Desertification, met from 7-9 March and discussed the Brazilian national plan to combat desertification. Then the Latin American Seminar on Desertification took place from 10-11 March. The major focus of discussion at this two-day meeting was possibilities for coordination of action at the regional level.

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) organized a workshop on "Trade and Desertification" in Dakar, Senegal from 7-10 March 1994. NGO representatives from the Kenyan Energy and Environment Organization (KENGO), the Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST), ZERO (Regional Network of Energy/Environment Experts) from Zimbabwe, Environnement et D‚veloppement du Tiers Monde (ENDA-TM) from Senegal and Kenya's Climate Network Africa participated in the workshop. The INCD Secretariat and other INCD members from Africa were expected to attend.

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa, was adopted at the fifth session of the INCD on 17 June 1994, and was open for signature in Paris, on 14-15 October 1994.