Climate Change

On 21 December 1993, the fiftieth instrument of ratification of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. This deposit fulfilled the requirement of Article 23 of the Convention. As a result, the Convention entered into force on 21 March 1994.

The Climate Alliance Action Days is a campaign which was originally conceived in a planning meeting of the Northern Alliance in March, 1992. The first Climate Action Day was held on 15 May 1993, and was a great success, involving actions in hundreds of cities in fifty countries. Another global action day was held on 10 December 1993. Groups in more than 70 countries in both North and South have taken part in the campaign.

Climate Network Africa facilitates information exchange related to climate and other ecological issues among Southern and Northern NGOs, researchers, scientists and policy makers. In this connection, CNA publishes a quarterly newsletter called "Impact", with a circulation of over 2,000 copies, mainly in Africa. CNA also works closely with its sister project Econews Africa, a bi-weekly newsletter which reports on regional and global issues with a grassroots perspective. It highlights local activities which may offer solutions to global environmental and development problems.

The National Environmental Law Association in Australia, with funding from the Commonwealth Government, has undertaking a project to identify how local government in Australia and elsewhere in the world is responding to the greenhouse issue (such as policies and programs aimed at conserving energy, improving local amenity, increasing use of public transport, improving air quality, or reducing the use of resources).

The second South Asian NGO Summit held in New Delhi, India on Global Environment Management released a report expressing disappointment with the Convention on Climate Change, labelling it as a grand compromise based on the lowest common denominator. The 50 environment and development NGOs complained that the convention failed to put a ceiling on the world's major emitters of greenhouse gases. The most serious flaw in the Convention according to the report is the idea of "responsibility by capability" instead of "responsibility by liability".

An international conference was held on 31 May 1994 in London to address the legal and political issues of implementing the Climate Change Convention. It was organized by the Royal Geographical Society, the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD) and UNED-UK. Among topics discussed were the convention's contribution to the development of international law; obligations for developed and developing countries, including strategies for reducing emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in developed countries; the provision of financial resources under the Global Environment Facility; and technology transfer and responding to non-compliance.

The Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI) of New Delhi, with the Centre for International Climate and Energy Research of Oslo, organized an International Workshop on Joint Implementation of Abatement Commitments under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. This workshop, held in New Delhi from 21-23 January 1994, featured a paper on the economics of joint implementation presented by TERI, as well as several case studies of projects that could be implemented within India. The conclusions of the workshop were presented at the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Climate Change in Geneva in February.