Assessment of Environmental Impact on Traditional Water Harvesting Structures in Udupi Taluk of Coastal KarnatakaKavitha Kamath, Divya Lakshmi and Vinod Pinto A.R.
Department of Civil Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal. Karnataka. India.
taluk lies in the coastal region of Karnataka State.
The area receives very good rainfall during South-West monsoon period,
the annual being 3900 mm. Rivers
like Mulky, Pangala, Udiyavar, Sita, and Chakra flow across and drain the
district before joining the Arabian Sea. Though
the area is bestowed with rich water resources, it faces acute shortage of water
in summer months for drinking and agricultural purposes.
The water scarcity in summer is attributed to high rate of run-off during
monsoon, porous laterite, indiscriminate exploitation and management of water
resources. In the present scenario rejuvenation and utilisation of
traditional water management systems (small tanks, village ponds etc.) can be
considered as one of the low cost alternatives.
In the above context, an attempt will be made to identify and document existing traditional water harvesting structures in the region. An attempt will also be made towards rejuvenation of such structures in collaboration with technical institutions, village panchayaths and local people.